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Advantages of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen for Buses

  • Performance
    • No degradation of power over time (when compared to batteries and generators)
    • Constant efficiency even at partial loads
    • Fuel cells are more efficient at converting fuels to energy than diesel engines
    • Fuel cost can be independent of fluctuating global fuel prices
  • Environmental
    • Using renewable hydrogen there are no direct harmful emissions - CO2, NOx, SOx or particulates
    • Only emits water vapour
    • Very quite operation

Fuel Cell Buses Today

  • Approximately 35 Fuel Cell Buses in operation
  • Approximately 115 produced to date
  • Mostly PEM technology - 1 AFC and 1 Zinc Air Fuel Cell have also been demonstrated

International Fuel Cell Bus Deployments Since 2000 to Date (8th July 2009)

Europe:

  • H2argemuc - 1 MAN Ballard Fuel Cell Bus deployed at Munich Airport
  • HyChain - 3 Hydrogenics bus in Castille y Leon, Spain, Emscher-Lippe & Bottrop, Germany
  • London Hydrogen Partnership - 5 buses planned for 2010
  • HyFleet:CUTE (2006 - 2009)- Clean Urban Transport for Europe, 27 fuel cell buses in 9 European cities (3 also in Beijing and Perth), concluded (6 buses still operate in Hamburg), Mercedes Benz, Ballard
  • ECTOS (2000) - Ecological City TranspOrt System, EU funded project testing 3 fuel cell buses in Reykjavik, Iceland, part of HyFleet:CUTE, Mercedes Benz, Ballard
  • ZIP Program (2006) - 1 Proton Motor Fuel Cell Bus deployed
  • CityCell (2003 & 2004) - 1 bus deployed in Madrid, Spain and 1 in Turin, Italy, IVECO, UTC Power
  • Fuel Cells Czech Hydrogen Bus Project (planned 2009) - 1 Skoda / Proton Motor bus, Prague, Czech Republic
  • IVECO-Fuel Cell Bus - Fleet trials planned in Milan & Mantova, Italy
  • MAN Fuel Cell  City Bus (2002 - 2003) - 9 months, Germany, 3 months, Copenhagen, Denmark & Lisbon, Portugal, Nuvera
  • MAN Fuel Cell Bus (2000 - 2001) - 1 bus, Nuremburg, Germany, Siemens Power Generation
  • GVB (Municipal Transport Company) and NRW (North Rhine Westphalia) (planned 2010) - 4 buses, 2 in Amsterdam, Holland and 2 in Cologne, Germany, joint venture with North Rhine Westphalia and the Dutch Government, NedStack
  • Ostseebus Fuel Cell Midi-bus (2006) - 1 bus, Narth, Germany, Heliocentris
  • Rampini-Hydrogenics (2007/2008) - 1 bus, Perugia, Italy
  • Rheinbahn Fuel Cell Hybrid Midibuses (2006) - 2 buses, Messe Dusseldorf, Germany, Hydrogenics
  • University of Glamorgan (2007) - 1 bus, Pontypridd, Wales, UK, Hydrogenics
  • University of Rome (2006) - 1 midi bus, Rome Italy, Hydrogenics

 

North America

  • AC Transit- HyRoad
  • CTTransit - Fuel Cell Bus Program
  • 2010 Winter Olympics, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada, 1 unit trialled in 2008, a further 19 to be delivered in 2009, BC Transit, Ballard
  • Burbank, California (2009), Fuel Cell Battery Hybrid, Hydrogenics
  • Dual Variable Hybrid Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration - Columbia, South Carolina, Austin Texas & Connecticut, Hydrogincs
  • Ecotality (2007) - 1 bus deployed, APS Hydrogen Park, Phoenix, Arizona, Hydrogenics
  • FTA / UAB Fuel Cell Bus (planned 2009 - 2011) - Birmingham - Jefferson County Transit Authority, Alabama
  • Hickam AFB - Fuel Cell Shuttle Bus (2004) - 1 Hydorgenics Bus, Hickam, AFB, Hawaii
  • Hydroelectric Hydrogen-Powered Fuel Cell Bus Program (planned 2009) - 2 buses, Niagara & Buffalo, New York, Ballard
  • Lightweight Fuel Cell Bus Project (planned 2011) - 1 bus, New York State, Hydrogenics
  • Logan Airport Fuel Cell Bus (planned) - 1 Bus, Logan airport, Boston, Massachusetts, Nuvera
  • National Resources Canada (2006) - 1 bus, Winnipeg Transit, Hydrogenics
  • University of Texas (2007) - 1 bus, Austin, Texas, Ballard
  • Santa Clara VTA
    • Planned - 4 buses, Clara County, California
    • (2005) - 3 buses deployed, Clara County, California, Ballard
  • SunLine Transit
    • America Fuel Cell Bus Project (planned) - Coachella Valley, California, UTC Power
    • Advanced Fuel Cell Bus Project (2009-2011) - 1 bus, Coachella Valley, California, UTC Power
    • Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration (2006 - 2010) - 1 bus, Coachella Valley, California, UTC Power
    • Thunder Power Fuel Cell Bus (2002 - 2003) - 1 bus, Palm Springs, California, UTC Power
    • ZEBus/ P4 Bus (2000 - 2001) - 1 bus tested for 13 months, Ballard
  • University of Delaware - Zero Emission Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus
    • (Planned) - Phase II fuel cell bus, Ballard
    • (2007) - 1 Shuttle Bus, Ballard

South America

  • Rio de Janeiro Hybird Fuel Cell Bus (planned) - 1 bus as pat of United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
  • Sao Paolo Fuel Cell Bus - Up to 5 buses, UNDP GEF, Ballard

ASIA

  • Japan, Toyota-Hino
    • (2006) - 3 buses, Nagoya, Japan's Centrair Airport
    • (2005) - 8 buses, Aichi Expo, Japan
    • (2003 - 2004) - 1 bus, Tokyo Metropolitan Transportation Service
  • South Korea - Supported by the government's RD&D Organisation for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells, 4 Hyundai buses
  • China (2006 - present) 3 buses as part of the HyFleet:CUTE, Mercedes Benz, Ballard
  • Shen Li High Tech Co
    • Planned (2009) - 3 to 6 buses, Shanghai, China
    • (2008) - 2 buses operated at 2008 Olympics, Beijing, China

Australia

  • Sustainable Transport energy for Perth (STEP)-EcoBus Demonstration (2004 - 2007) 3 buses, Perth, Australia, part of HyFleet:CUTE
   
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